The Cradle of Humankind is 47,000 hectares of rural landscape, 45 minutes from
Johannesburg, which is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site on account of
its extraordinary palaeontological treasures and natural landscape.
There are 40 fossil sites in the Cradle where many of the World's most famous
and important human fossils have been discovered . Mrs Pless dating back 2.5
million years and Little Foot an almost complete apeman skeleton dating back 3.3
million years, are two well known examples.
At least 500 hominid fossils and over 9,000 stone tools have been excavated in
the area which also has interesting archaeological and historical sites.
Many of these discoveries have been made amongst the numerous caves and hollows
which occur prolifically throughout the Karst landscape. 3 million years of
human activity have taken place in and around these locations, including man's
earliest known mastery of fire.
40% of all of the Worlds human ancestor fossils have been found here.
NIROX is set in the heart of the Cradle. There are several caves as well as a
palaeontology exploration site within the Khatlhampi Private Reserve.
The world famous Sterkfontein caves and twelve other important working
palaeontology sites and the Maropeng Interpretation Centre are within easy